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The difference between alpha silicon nitride and beta silicon nitride

Time:2018-09-16 Views:266
Si3N4 is a new type of high-temperature structural ceramic material with excellent chemical properties, good thermal shock resistance, low temperature creep, non-wetting to a variety of non-ferrous metal melts, high hardness and self-lubricating properties. Widely used in cutting tools, metallurgy, aviation, chemical and other industries.

Silicon nitride is a covalent bond compound with two crystal forms, alpha Si3N4 and beta Si3N4, both of which are hexagonal, the former being low temperature stable and the latter being high temperature stable. That is, at high temperatures, the beta phase is thermodynamically more stable, so the alpha phase undergoes a phase transition and is converted to a beta phase.

Experiments show that the α phase changes to the β phase when the temperature reaches 1300 °C or higher, making the structure stable. The type of additive has an effect on the alpha→beta phase transition of SI3N4, and the effect of Y2O3 on phase transformation is most obvious.
Silicon nitride ceramics are high-temperature insoluble compounds, have no melting point, decompose at around 1900 °C under normal pressure, and have high resistance to high temperature creep.

Above 1200 °C will break with the increase of use time, so that its strength is reduced, fatigue damage is more likely to occur above 1450 °C, so the temperature of SI3N4 is generally not more than 1300 °C.

In addition to hydrofluoric acid, silicon nitride is not corroded for other common acids and bases.